Ancient camellias – It is located in the Cedar Garden, consisting of 30 plants of historical interest.
Arboretum – It is located across the New Garden and the Del Gratta Garden, it is home to tree species belonging to various systematic groups, including interesting conifers.
Bamboo groves – They are located in the Cedar Garden (Phyllostachys edulis) and the New Garden (P. edulis e P. nigra).
Geophytes – It is located in the Botanical School and brings together 200 species organized with geographical criteria.
Systematic collection – Representing the main nucleus of the Botanical School, it consists of 400 species arranged according to a systematic criterion in 48 flowerbeds.
Idrofitorio – It is located in Piazzale Arcangeli, it is a collection of aquatic species typical of the Italian wetlands, in particular of northern Tuscany.
Hydrangea – It is found in the Cedar Garden, consisting of 40 plants of different species and cultivars of the genus Hydrangea.
Edible wild plants – It is located in the Botanical School, it is made up of about 100 wild herbaceous species of the Tuscan territory traditionally used for food purposes.
Plants of the dunes – It is located in Piazzale Arcangeli, it is a reconstruction of a transect from the shoreline to the first backdune.
Mediterranean plants – It is located in the Del Gratta Garden, it is a collection of plants typical of the Mediterranean climate.
Mountain plants – It is located in the Del Gratta Garden, is a collection that includes plants from mountain environments typical of the Apennines and the Apuan Alps.
Plants in research – It is located in the Botanical School and houses specimens used for various ex situ conservation projects, usually involving reintroduction into the natural environment or for systematic studies.
Medicinal plants – It occupies the entire extension of the Myrtle Garden and includes about 120 species, organized according to their use on the basis of the active ingredients contained in them.
Salvia – It is located in the Botanical School and brings together about 100 species of the genus Salvia from all over the world.
Banana greenhouse – Made up of tropical species of food interest, arranged according to a geographical criterion. It is the oldest greenhouse in the Garden.
Succulents greenhouse – Dedicated exclusively to about 200 species of “succulent plants” from the various desert and pre-desert areas of the planet.
Tropical greenhouse – Composed of about 150 shrubs and trees from the tropical climate areas of the four continents, arranged according to geographical criteria.
Victoria greenhouse – It hosts Victoria cruziana, a peculiar water lily from South America and other hydrophytes of tropical climates.
Amborella mini-greenhouse – It hosts the small shrub endemic to New Caledonia, a distant island in the Pacific Ocean. It is the only living species of an ancient evolutionary line of flowering plants, isolated from all the others. Besides Amborella, there are also some species of ferns, whose distribution includes New Caledonia.
- 26 July 2019: Amborella mini-greenhouse
- 5 October 2018: Victoria greenhouse and Banana greenhouse
- 23 March 2018: Tropical greenhouse
- 15 September 2017: Succulents greenhouse